Multiple myeloma is a disease that develops in the white blood cells, called the plasma cells. These cells are responsible for keeping the body healthy by fighting off infections by producing antibodies. The inability to perform its function, the cells accumulate in the bone marrow, leaving no space for healthy blood cells, which further causes several complications. Here are some treatments, foods, and lifestyle changes that help manage the illness:
- Car T-cell therapy
This is proved to benefit patients who have relapsed or the body has not responded to any of the multiple prior treatments. This is a specialized therapy that uses the patient’s own T-cells to attack the disease-causing agents.
B cell maturation antigen is a targeted immunotherapy treatment to attack the cancer cells.
This treatment option uses the patient’s immune system to attack the cancer cells.
- Bone marrow transplant
This treatment plan, also referred to as stem cell transplant, replaces the diseased bone with a healthy bone.
Foods to eat and avoid
Fruits and veggies, rich in antioxidants, are great for managing the illness. Constipation can be a side effect of the treatment, so antioxidant-rich foods and fibrous vegetables can help relieve the condition. Include whole grains, oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, celery, artichokes, nuts and beans, bananas, dark leafy greens, and fish oil. Cooked food is preferred over raw to avoid any risk of infections. Avoid raw meat or fish, sushi, unpasteurized drinks, runny eggs, unwashed vegetables, and fruits.
Staying active is one of the most important tips for managing multiple myeloma. If the body is coping with pain, then exercises like yoga, stretching, and walking help keep the body moving without straining joints or muscles too much. If needed, working with a physical therapist may also help.
It is also essential to have a support group to help cope with the emotional and mental stress that is experienced while managing the illness. Getting a professional to confide in is also advised to make this journey more bearable. Having a safe space amongst family and friends who do not dismiss issues and are willing to lend a helping hand and listening ear proves beneficial in the management and recovery process.